At its 17th World Congress, the Transplantation Society bestowed the 1998 Medawar Prize on Drs. Felix T. Rapaport, of the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and Fritz Bach and Anthony P. Monaco, both of Harvard Medical School.
In a press release, the society noted the achievements of each in advancing the field of transplantation:
Dr. Rapaport's research defined skin graft behavior in humans and showed cross-reactions between bacterial membranes and histocompatibility antigens.
In 1964 Dr. Bach described the reaction for testing tissue compatibility between organ donors and recipients.
Dr. Monaco is a pioneer in the studies of immunosuppressive antibodies and the induction of tolerance to foreign grafts.
The prize is named for Sir Peter Medawar, "a leading 20th Century thinker, Nobel Laureate, and father of transplantation biology," the society said.
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